This chapter focuses on the countermovement’s, which typically resist certain aspects of globalization. Feminism is regarded in the reading as one of the countermovement’s considered to be a global justice movement. This chapter provides two feminist social platforms to examine the movement’s societal impact throughout history. Women in Development (WID) and Gender and Development are two feminist oriented platforms initiated by the World Bank to address access to service, resources, and opportunities between men and women. The proliferation of feminist movements led to the development of transnational feminist networks, which address issue topics such as human rights and labor standards. The chapter introduces and explains feminist paradigms that stress that gender development is relational, not universal. From an economic perspective, the chapter explains how economics serves as a tool of people in power, where value is allocated to a particular demographic for a specific task and an economically beneficial activity such as the “traditional” female role where women of the household provide hospitable service to maintain the household. The chapter explains that concerns for women’s rights and empowerment should refer to the circumstance rather than a individual ideology on women’s liberation.
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