Colonialism is control of a dependent country, which involved one country to become compliant to another. Colonization may sometimes be seen as the event that takes place when one group of people migrate to an area, and that white settlers brought progress and civilization to the places that previously did not have this. However, this definition is incorrect and considered correct by naive and nonconscious individuals that believe colonialism enhanced these invaded areas. One of the main purposes of colonialism was to exploit the colonies and their occupants. This helped the colonizer produce economic wealth from the mother country and their organizations. Due to colonization large numbers of people were forced into slavery or the method of indentured laborers, and many areas of natural habitats were dissipated and made into plantations.
Neocolonialism is the continuation of domination in the economic, political and social area of a country, which was once influenced by colonialism after a country gained independence from colonialism. Both colonialism and neocolonialism use social, political, and economic burdens to dominate another country. Economic exploitation is the cause for the unsustainability and underdevelopment of countries that have been colonized which play a role in the methods of colonialism and neocolonialism.
In chapter 2 of Philip McMichael’s “Development and Social change” he acknowledged how the political leaders observed development as the major social industrial structure. With that view they framed colonization of the non-European world and social organization of developing societies, and creating government policy to achieve the social renovations pertaining to the rise of capitalism and industrial technologies. He states how due to the advancements of the industrial factories, and the resources that can be achieved/gained through forced labor, it made for the base of colonization, which the inhabitants of the dominated land now had to abide by. McMichael concludes up by saying that development back then meant harmonizing technological transformations and class structuring through social intervention. McMichael continues by saying that development would progressively support human social progression and genuinely manage people from ‘experiencing wrenching social transformations’